17 July 2014
Migration and Development (taught in ITALIAN)
The coupling between migration and development is certainly not new. The trends we are seeing cyclically between one side and the other of the Mediterranean, clearly describe how under-development and development are the basis of migration flows and, conversely, how these flows have an impact on the development and under-development on both sides of the sea. It should be recognized, however, that the phenomenon of migration is ancient and complex: the desire to survive or improve one’s own conditions of living has always been the mainspring that drives people to look elsewhere for new opportunities. The novelty of the last half century has been given both by a greater evidence of the disparities of life in various parts of the world that has an easier international mobility.
There are over 200 million international migrants in the world, accounting for 3% of world population. If we ideally gathered all migrants in the same country, this would be the fifth most populous country on the planet. At the same time, the global flow of remittances is growing exponentially and has exceeded 400 billion Euros in 2012 alone. Flow of migrants' remittances to their countries of origin is about three times the amount allocated by the International Cooperation and this suggests the extent of the phenomenon in terms of finance and development impact. International cooperation has been wondering for at least 20 years about the link between migration and development: at first it was thought that aid to the development of countries of origin had the effect of reducing migration flows. The slogan back then was "more development for less migration cooperation." In recent decades, we are experimenting new strategies and paradigms for effectively link migration and international cooperation policies. The emigrant is valued as a catalyst for development both in the communities of origin and in those of arrival, in a sense, by inverting the logic of the previous year and now offering "more migration for less development cooperation." This approach is more realistic and appropriate to an awareness of the worldwide interdependence, according to which facilitate the freedom of movement and the ability to take advantage of opportunities outside the community of origin seems more appropriate, and where the migrants themselves play now a function of transnational real agents of development.
To the course will participate organizations and teachers who are now engaged on this issue in the forefront and have gained a specific experience and expertise such as the Italian Mission to the International Organization for Migration, an intergovernmental agency that has been providing services to States and assistance to migrants for almost 60 years, and the “Laboratory Migration and Development” that brings together Italian actors engaged on this issue (ACLI, ARCI, ARCS, CeSPI ETIMOS, IPSIA, UCODEP, WWF).
Useful for the Diploma Course in "Development and international cooperation."
Javier Schunk - International Cooperation expert, ISPI
The course is intended for:
- Young professionals
The course aims to provide a complete basic overview on this theme, useful for the future study of the various issues that will be presented.
EUR 200: The EUR 200 course fee includes all instructional materials