Italy, Pisa

The Regulation of Robotics in Europe: Legal, Ethical and Economic Implications

when 11 July 2016 - 16 July 2016
language English
duration 1 week
credits 2 ECTS
fee EUR 600

The course aims at providing students with a broad understanding of all implications of robotics that are going to be of increasing relevance in the legal, political and social debate over the coming years.

According to a study by McKinsey, robotics is a disruptive technology that may have an impact on the market greater than 4.5 trillion per year by 2025. Developing a leading industry in this field is therefore strategic and all major world economies are heavily investing in its research. This is the case in Europe, China, Japan, Korea, and the United States.

At the same time some technologies – in particular biorobotics (bionic limbs, exoskeletons, brain machine interfaces) – are going to deeply challenge our understanding of human life and human limits; others – expert systems and AI – promise to reshape the labor market – according to some triggering unemployment, to others opening up new possibilities.

Every aspect of our societies is going to be touched upon, and mere technological research is insufficient.

Social scientists – lawyers, political scientists, economists – as well as engineers researching these technologies need to start addressing the many relevant issues raised. To do so however they need to acquire a novel and highly interdisciplinary approach, crossing law, economics, engineering and ethics together.

The course will offer an overview

of relevant European regulation, both existing and prospective, in fields such as liability, privacy (privacy by design), robot-testing, and product safety
of European and international standards for certification and benchmarking,
of the ethical debate triggered by some emerging technologies, including autonomous vehicles, AI and biorobotic products for human enhancement
of the European approach to Responsible Research and Innovation,
of the economic challenges connected with innovation (start-ups and financing).
Moreover, it will introduce students to a highly interdisciplinary methodology – developed within the RoboLaw Project – to analyze those relevant issues.

The knowledge and skills acquired by the end of the course are intended to provide the necessary background to start independent research in law and technology, as well as to provide consultancy to industries involved in the development of robotic devices.

Course leader

Andrea Bertolini, Ph.D. (SSSA), LL.M. (Yale) is Jean Monnet Professor and Coordinator of the Module on "Europe Regulates Robotics", and assistant professor in Private Law at the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna.
His research on Law and Technology is at the for

Target group

Students at an advanced stage of their university courses ( last year students ) or graduate students (master or Ph.D.) in law, political sciences, economics and engineering, interested in understanding the legal, ethical, social and economic issues raised by robotics. Young professionals working for policy makers or industries investing in or developing robotic products.

Course aim

Provide students with a solid background and methodological approach to either (i) enter the market for consultancy services to businesses developing robotic products, or (ii) undergo independent research in law and technology, or (iii) understand the non-technological issues to take into account in robotic products design.

Credits info

Two university credits for 40 hours of teaching.
At the end of the Summer School participants who have attended at least 90% of the classes and who have passed the final test will receive a Certificate of Attendance.

Fee info

EUR 600: covers tuition and meals during course days


1 scholarship to the best candidate covering the 600 euro fee